Unmasking the hidden aftermath: postintensive care unit sequelae, discharge preparedness, and long-term follow-up - Critical Care Science (CCS)

Review

Unmasking the hidden aftermath: postintensive care unit sequelae, discharge preparedness, and long-term follow-up

Crit Care Sci. 2024;36:e20240265en

DOI: 10.62675/2965-2774.20240265-en

Views 90

ABSTRACT

A significant portion of individuals who have experienced critical illness encounter new or exacerbated impairments in their physical, cognitive, or mental health, commonly referred to as postintensive care syndrome. Moreover, those who survive critical illness often face an increased risk of adverse consequences, including infections, major cardiovascular events, readmissions, and elevated mortality rates, during the months following hospitalization. These findings emphasize the critical necessity for effective prevention and management of long-term health deterioration in the critical care environment. Although conclusive evidence from well-designed randomized clinical trials is somewhat limited, potential interventions include strategies such as limiting sedation, early mobilization, maintaining family presence during the intensive care unit stay, implementing multicomponent transition programs (from intensive care unit to ward and from hospital to home), and offering specialized posthospital discharge follow-up. This review seeks to provide a concise summary of recent medical literature concerning long-term outcomes following critical illness and highlight potential approaches for preventing and addressing health decline in critical care survivors.

Comments

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Leia também