Boswellia serrata intoxication manifesting with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, hyponatremia, seizure, and rhabdomyolysis - Critical Care Science (CCS)

Case Report

Boswellia serrata intoxication manifesting with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, hyponatremia, seizure, and rhabdomyolysis

Crit Care Sci. 2024;36:e20240049en

DOI: 10.62675/2965-2774.20240049-en

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ABSTRACT

Boswellia serrata is an herbal extract from the Boswellia serrata tree that has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties and alleviates pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis, gout, osteoarthritis, and sciatica. Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion accompanied by hyponatremia, seizures, and rhabdomyolysis as a manifestation of Boswellia serrata intoxication has not been reported previously. A 38-year-old female suffered clinically isolated syndrome and has since been regularly taking B. serrata capsules (200mg/d) to strengthen her immune system. She experienced hypersensitivity to light, ocular pain, nausea, dizziness, and lower limb weakness four days after receiving her first BNT162b2 vaccine dose, and she increased the dosage of B. serrata to five capsules (1000mg/d) one week after vaccination. After taking B. serrata at a dosage of 1000mg/d for 3 weeks, she was admitted to the intensive care unit because of a first, unprovoked generalized tonic–clonic seizure. The patient’s workup revealed syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, which resolved completely upon treatment and discontinuation of B. serrata. In summary, B. serrata potentially causes syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion when it is taken at high doses. Patients should not self-medicate.

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